Massacred for Gold, The Chinese In Hells Canyon by R. Gregory Nokes

ColoradoSprings(科罗拉多斯普林斯)
Colorado Springs, also known as Colorado Springs, is the second largest city in Colorado and the 40th largest city in the United States. It is also the capital of El Paso County. According to the estimate of the U.S. Census Bureau in 2016, Colorado Springs has a population of about 465101. It is located about 100 kilometers south of Denver, the largest city in Colorado, and about 101 kilometers (63 miles) east of the geographical center of Colorado. The average altitude of the city is more than 1 mile, 1839 meters. It is also a "Mile High City". The whole city is located at the foot of the famous Pikes Peak and the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains.
科罗拉多斯普林斯(英语:Colorado Springs)又名科罗拉多泉,是美国科罗拉多州的第二大、美国第40大城市,也是艾尔帕索县的首府。根据美国人口普查局2016年的估计,科罗拉多斯普林斯市约有人口46万5101人。它位于科罗拉多州最大城市丹佛约100公里的南方,距离科罗拉多州地理中心东方约101公里(63英里)。城市平均海拔超过1英哩,为1839米,也是一个“哩高城”。整个城市位于著名的派克斯峰(Pikes Peak)山脚,洛矶山脉的东部边缘。
GrandJunction(大章克申)
Grand Junction (Colorado) is a city in Colorado in the United States. It is located at the confluence of the Colorado River and the gannison River in the west of the state (in the past, the Colorado River was called the Rio Grande, which is also the origin of the city name). It's mesa county. With an area of 70.4 square kilometers and a population of 46898 in 2006, it is the 15th largest city in the state.
大章克辛(Grand Junction, Colorado)是美国科罗拉多州的一个城市,位于该州西部科罗拉多河和甘尼森河汇流之处 (昔时科罗拉多河被称为格兰德河。这也是城名的由来)。是梅萨县县治。面积70.4平方公里,2006年人口46,898人,是该州第十五大城市。
Sebastian(塞巴斯蒂安)
San Sebastian is a city built on a bay with 185000 permanent residents. This is an elegant, modern and eye-catching city. It is also a perfect city to enjoy high-quality life. Thanks to the beautiful bay on which the city depends, San Sebastian has low urban thermal cycle effect, mild climate in winter and cool in summer. It is a very unpopular resort. San Sebastian not only faces the sea, but is surrounded by mountains on three sides: Urgur mountain is located on the coast of the city center; The romantic mount Uriah stretches eastward to the small town of pasea; Adala mountain is located in the south of the city; Mount iguerdo overlooks the entire Gulf region from the West. Saint Sebastian was rated as "the cultural capital of Europe in 2016" and put forward the concept of "waves of people's energy". This basic concept clearly conveys the "soul" of the "2016 San Sebastian" project: the flow of people and residents is the main driving force for all changes and innovations in the world. Man also provides the main energy for the development and progress of society. In short, residents play a leading role in seeking solutions to new global problems. Many Michelin star restaurants gather in the city and surrounding areas of St. Sebastian, among which arzak (St. Sebastian), berasategi (LaSalle) and Akelarre (iguerdo region) are very loud names in the world's high-end food industry. In addition, you can taste snacks similar to tapas in many pubs in the old city of St. Bastian, which is locally called pintxos. The city is also known by the world for the Sebastian International Film Festival held every September.
圣塞巴斯蒂安是一座建在海湾上的城市,常住居民十八万五千人。这是一个优雅、现代、养眼的城市,也是享受高质量生活的完美城市。得益于城市所依靠的美丽海湾,圣塞巴斯蒂安的城市热循环效应很低,气候冬天温和夏天凉爽,是十分非受欢迎的度假胜地。圣塞巴斯蒂安不仅面朝大海,且三面环山:乌尔古尔山坐落在市中心的海岸边;充满浪漫色彩的乌利亚山向东延绵至小镇帕赛阿;阿达拉山位于城市南部;伊古埃尔多山从西边俯瞰着整个海湾地区。圣塞巴斯蒂安被评为“2016年欧洲文化之都”,并借此提出了“人类能量之浪”(Waves of people’s energy)的概念。这个基本概念将“2016圣塞巴斯蒂安”项目的“灵魂”清晰地传递了出来:人和居民的流动是世界上一切变化和革新的主要动力。人也为社会的发展进步提供了主要的能量。简而言之,居民在寻求新全球问题的解决方案过程中扮演着领导性的作用。圣塞巴斯蒂安的城市和周边地区聚集了众多的米其林星级餐厅,其中Arzak(圣塞巴斯蒂安)、Berasategi(拉萨尔特)、Akelarre(伊古埃尔多地区)都是在世界高端美食届十分响亮的名字。除此之外,在圣巴斯蒂安老城区的众多小酒馆内,都可以品尝到类似于塔帕斯的小吃,这类小吃在当地被称为Pintxos。这座城市还因于每年9月份举办的塞巴斯蒂安国际电影节而被世界所熟知。
St.Petersburg(圣彼得堡)
St. Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербург; Saint Petersburg), located in the northwest of Russia, along the Baltic Sea and the Neva estuary, between 59 ° ~ 60 ° north latitude and 29 ° ~ 30 ° east longitude, is the central municipality of Russia, the capital of Leningrad state, the central city of Northwest Russia, an important land and water transportation hub in Russia, and the northernmost city in the world with a population of more than one million, Also known as the "northern capital" of Russia. St. Petersburg is also the headquarters of the Russian Federation naval fleet. St. Petersburg is the second largest city in Russia, with an area of 1439 square kilometers, including an urban area of 606 square kilometers. Founded in 1703, St. Petersburg has a history of more than 300 years. The city name comes from St. Peter, the disciple of Jesus. Peter I moved his capital to Petersburg in 1712. It was the center of Russian culture, politics and economy for more than 200 years until 1918. In 1924, it was renamed Leningrad in memory of Lenin, and its original name was restored to St. Petersburg in 1991. St. Petersburg and the historic center have become UNESCO World Heritage sites. St. Petersburg occupies an important position in the Russian economy and is a large comprehensive industrial city. St. Petersburg is often called the most westernized city in Russia. It is the window from Russia to Europe. Many foreign consulates, multinational corporations, banks and other business strongholds are located in St. Petersburg. It is also an international city with high development of science, technology and industry.
圣彼得堡(俄语:Санкт-Петербург;英语:Saint Petersburg),位于俄罗斯西北部,波罗的海沿岸,涅瓦河口,处于北纬59°~60° 、东经29°~30°之间,是俄罗斯的中央直辖市,列宁格勒州的首府,俄罗斯西北地区中心城市,全俄重要的水陆交通枢纽,是世界上人口超过百万的城市中位置最北的一个,又被称为俄罗斯的“北方首都”。圣彼得堡也是俄罗斯联邦海军舰队的总部所在地。圣彼得堡是俄罗斯第二大城市,面积1439平方公里,其中市区面积606平方公里。圣彼得堡始建于1703年,已有300多年的历史,市名源自耶稣的弟子圣徒彼得。1712年彼得一世迁都到彼得堡,一直到1918年的200多年的时间里这里都是俄罗斯文化、政治、经济的中心。1924年为纪念列宁曾更名为列宁格勒,1991年又恢复原名为圣彼得堡。圣彼得堡和历史中心古迹群构成为联合国教科文组织世界遗产。圣彼得堡市在俄罗斯经济中占有重要地位,是一座大型综合性工业城市。圣彼得堡经常被称为俄罗斯最西方化的城市,是俄罗斯通往欧洲的窗口,许多外国领事馆、跨国公司、银行和其他业务据点均位于圣彼得堡,也是一座科学技术和工业高度发展的国际化城市。
Jacksonville(杰克逊维尔)
Jacksonville is the largest city in Florida and one of the commercial, financial and insurance centers in the southeast of the United States. Located in the northeast of the state, it crosses the St. Johns River and is 32 kilometers away from the estuary in the East. The population is 635000 (1990), of which blacks account for 1 / 4. The large urban area includes 5 counties such as Duval, covering an area of 1968 square kilometers. It was founded in 1822 and established in 1832; Named in memory of President Andrew Jackson (1767-1845). Early war; Urban development is slow. It was destroyed by a fire in 1901. Post reconstruction, rapid development; It has become a major seaport and industrial and commercial center along the southeast coast of the United States. The port is excellent, the channel water depth is about 10m, and ocean ships can enter and leave freely; There are many waterfront docks.
杰克逊维尔是美国佛罗里达州最大城市,美国东南部商业、金融、保险的中心地之一。位于州东北部,跨圣约翰斯河,东距河口32公里。人口63.5万(1990年),其中黑人占1/4。大市区包括杜瓦尔等5县,面积1968平方公里。始建于1822年,1832年设市;为纪念安德鲁·杰克逊总统(1767-1845)而命名。早期因战争;城市发展缓慢。1901年被大火所毁。后重建,发展迅速;成为美国东南沿海主要海港和工商业中心。港口优良,航道水深约10米,远洋轮船可自由进出;滨河多码头。
FortMyers(迈尔斯堡)
Fort Myers, a thriving town with rich history and natural resources, connects an outward extending island with white beaches, various birds and colorful entertainment activities. The small town is close to the coast of the Caloosahatchee river. Due to the existence of the river, the town was established and its importance was enhanced during the Seminole war. Since the early 19th century, various celebrities and rich people have come to Fort Myers and its surrounding areas to settle and visit, especially Thomas A. Edison, the inventor of the light bulb, who built houses, laboratories and botanical gardens between the river and McGregor Avenue. McGregor Avenue is now the most famous Avenue in the town, thanks to Edison. He planted solemn royal palms on both sides of the old street, which is still the road sign of the town. In February every year, Edison festival of light pageant celebrates his birthday to thank him for his contribution to the small town (he also introduced electricity to Fort Myers). This lantern festival comes to a successful end with the night parade.
迈尔斯堡(Fort Myers)这座欣欣向荣的小城有着丰富的历史和自然资源,它连接着一片向外延伸的岛屿,岛上有白沙滩、各种飞禽和丰富多彩的娱乐活动。这座小城紧拥着广阔的河(Caloosahatchee River)的海岸,由于这条河的存在,在塞米诺尔战争时期建立了这座小镇并提升了它的重要性。自19世纪初起,各色名人和富豪来到迈尔斯堡及其周边地区定居和参观,其中尤为著名的是灯泡的发明者托马斯·爱迪生(Thomas A. Edison),他在河流和McGregor 大道之间建造了住宅、实验室和植物园。McGregor大道如今成了小镇最著名的大道,这全得归功于爱迪生。他在旧街两旁种上了庄严的皇家棕榈,至今仍为小镇的路标。每年两月,爱迪生灯会节(Edison Festival of Light Pageant)都会庆祝他的生日,以感谢他对这座小城的贡献(他还将电引入了迈尔斯堡),这个灯火盛会随着夜间游行圆满告终。
Atlanta(亚特兰大)
Atlanta is located in the east of the United States and on the platform at the foot of the Appalachian Mountains at an altitude of 350 meters. It is one of the three highland cities in the United States. It is the county government residence of Fulton County. It is the 9th metropolitan area in the United States. It is also the capital of Georgia and the largest industrial and commercial city in the United States. As a railway hub, Atlanta's development began in the early 19th century. It was destroyed during the civil war, but quickly rebuilt after being elected as the state capital. In the 20th century, it was the center of the American civil rights movement and hosted the 26th Summer Olympic Games (1996 Atlanta Olympic Games), which was also the Centennial Olympic Games. Atlanta is the gathering place of the top ten rich in the United States. There are many rich people with more than ten million dollars in the United States. In 2013, Atlanta was rated by time magazine as the largest city for wealthy Americans to start a business. It covers an area of more than 350 square kilometers, has a population of more than 500000, and has 5 million urban areas, of which blacks account for 52%. It is not only a famous historical city, but also an emerging industrial and commercial city and cultural, medical and health center. Built as a railway terminal in 1836, it was a strategic place for the Southern Army during the Civil War (1861-1865). Destroyed in the civil war and rebuilt later. Land and air transportation and financial center in the southeastern United States. In the past 20 years, with the southward migration of industry and Commerce and population in the north, it has developed rapidly, including aircraft, automobile, fiber, machinery, steel, food and other industries. Delta Airlines and Coca Cola are headquartered here. There are Emory University (the latest ranking of us news is No. 21 [1]), Georgia Institute of Technology (the latest ranking of us news is No. 29) and Georgia State University. Nearby universities are the University of Georgia (the latest ranking of us news is No. 54). Many museums and parks. Tourism is developed. It became a sister city with Chengdu on September 6, 2007.
亚特兰大(Atlanta)位于美国东部,坐落在海拔350米的阿巴拉契亚山麓的台地上,是美国三大高地城市之一,是富尔顿县的县政府驻地,是美国第9大都市区,亦是美国佐治亚州首府和最大的工商业城市。作为一个铁路枢纽,亚特兰大的发展始于19世纪早期,在南北战争时期被摧毁,但在被选为州府后迅速重建。20世纪,它是美国民权运动的中心,并举办了1996年第26届夏季奥林匹克运动会(1996年亚特兰大奥运会),此届运动会同时也是百年奥运会。亚特兰大是美国十大富豪集聚地,这里生活着众多美国的千万美元以上的大富豪。2013年,亚特兰大被时代杂志评为美国富人最想创业的大城市。面积为350多平方公里,人口50多万,大市区500万,其中黑人占52%。它既是一座历史名城,也是一个新兴的工商业城市和文化、医疗卫生中心。1836年作为铁路终点站而兴建,是南北战争(1861-1865)时南方军的战略要地。毁于南北战争,后再重建。美国东南部陆空交通要地、金融中心。近20年来,随北方工商业和人口南迁,发展迅速,有飞机、汽车、纤维、机械、钢铁、食品等工业。达美航空公司和可口可乐公司总部设此。有艾默里大学(US NEWS最新排名居第21位 [1] ),佐治亚理工学院(US NEWS最新排名居第29位)和佐治亚州立大学,邻近大学有佐治亚大学(US NEWS最新排名居第54位)。多博物馆和公园。旅游业发达。2007年9月6日与我国成都市结为友好城市。
Augusta(奥古斯塔)
Augusta is a city located in kennabek County, Maine. It was built in 1621 and became the state capital in 1831. It is also the capital of Maine and the county seat of kennabek county. It is located at the navigable end of the kennibek river. According to the 2000 census, Augusta has 18560 citizens. Wood, pulp, papermaking, fiber, shoemaking and other industries are developed. Nearby are typical New England landscapes, forested hills and beautiful glacial lakes. Summer resort. The geographical location of Augusta is 44 ° 19'25 "north latitude and 69 ° 45'55" west longitude. It is the easternmost state capital of the United States. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the area of Augusta is 150.9 square kilometers, of which 143.4 square kilometers is land area and 7.5 square kilometers (4.98%) is water surface.
奥古斯塔(Augusta)是位于美国缅因州肯纳贝克县的一座城市,1621年始建,1831年成为州首府。也是缅因州的首府和肯纳贝克县的县治所在。它位于肯尼贝克河的通航终点。按照2000年的人口普查奥古斯塔有18,560名市民。 木材、纸浆、造纸、纤维、制鞋等工业发达。附近为典型的新英格兰景观,多森林覆盖的丘陵和美丽的冰川湖。夏季疗养地。奥古斯塔的地理位置是北纬44°19'25",西经69°45'55",是美国最东边的州府。按照美国人口调查局的数据奥古斯塔的面积为150.9平方公里,其中143.4平方公里是陆地面积,7.5平方公里(4.98%)是水面。
Brunswick(不伦瑞克)
Braunschweig is a city in the east of Lower Saxony, Germany. It is located in North Central Germany and close to the central canal. The number of residents is about 250000 (1983). It is the second largest city in the state after Hanover and a regional center of the state. Before the principality abdicated in 1918, Brunswick was the capital of the Principality of Brunswick. It was the capital of Brunswick until 1946. Before Brunswick county was abolished in 1974, it was the county capital of the county. On December 31, 2004, Lower Saxony abolished the regional administrative division. Before that, it was the government residence in Brunswick. Brunswick is the residence of the Brunswick court of appeal. The big cities around the city include Wolfsburg, about 26 kilometers to the northeast, Hanover, about 56 kilometers to the west, and Magdeburg, about 80 kilometers to the East. It is rich in grains and sugar beets, as well as lignite, oil, potassium salt and other resources. It was a commercial center in the ninth century. Since the 19th century, industry has developed gradually, mainly including automobile manufacturing, precision instruments, optical instruments, machinery, pharmacy, food and other industries.
不伦瑞克(Braunschweig)是德国下萨克森州东部的一个城市,位于德国中北部城市,濒中部运河。居民数约为25万(1983)。是该州继汉诺威后的第二大城市和该州的一个地区中心。1918年该公国大公逊位以前,不伦瑞克是不伦瑞克公国的首都。此后直到1946年,它是不伦瑞克州的州府。1974年不伦瑞克县被撤销之前它是该县的县府。2004年12月31日下萨克森撤销地区级行政区划以前它是不伦瑞克地区的政府驻地。不伦瑞克是不伦瑞克上诉法院的驻地。城市周围的大城市有东北方约26千米远的沃尔夫斯堡、西方约56千米远的汉诺威和东方约80千米远的马格德堡。周围盛产谷物、甜菜,并有褐煤、石油、钾盐等资源。公元九世纪时为商业中心。十九世纪起工业逐渐发展,主要有汽车制造、精密仪器、光学仪器、机械、制药、食品等工业。
Waycross(韦克罗斯)
Vicross College (vicross) was founded in 1976. It is located in Waycross, Georgia, with superior geographical location and beautiful environment. The University offers undergraduate degree education with 989 students. As a university recognized by the Ministry of education of China... Vicross College (vicross) is a two-year community college. The college was established in 1976. Its main purpose is to prepare these residents for entering a regular university. That is, after completing two years of junior college, it will be promoted to a four-year university to complete the bachelor's degree. Vicross college has established credit transfer partnerships with Savannah State University, southwest Georgia State University, Albany State University, Valdosta State University and South Georgia College.
维克罗斯学院(维克罗斯)创办于1976年,坐落于佐治亚州,Waycross,地理位置优越,环境优美。该校开设本科层次的学位教育,在校学生人数989人,作为被中国教育部认可的大学...维克罗斯学院(维克罗斯)是一所两年制的社区学院。该学院建立于1976年,它的办学面对周围社区的居民,主要目的是为这些居民提供进入常规大学的准备,即完成该学院两年的专科学习以后,升入四年制的大学完成学士学位的课程。维克罗斯学院建立转学分合作关系的院校包括萨凡纳州立大学 、西南乔治亚州立大学 、奥尔巴尼州立大学 、瓦尔多斯塔州立大学和南乔治亚学院。
EastSt.Louis(东圣路易斯)
East St. Louis is a city in St. Clair County, Illinois, USA. It is located on the Mississippi River and across the river from St. Louis, covering an area of 37.3 square kilometers. According to the 2000 U.S. Census, there were 31542 people, of which 97.74% were African Americans and 1.23% were whites. It is one of the worst security areas in the United States. At night, people dare not walk in the street for fear of theft and robbery. Iron doors and windows are rarely installed in other parts of the United States. A large number of iron doors and windows can be seen in East St. Louis. The house is mainly white. Desolate, shabby and scattered.
东圣路易斯(East St. Louis)是美国伊利诺伊州圣克莱尔县的一座城市,位于密西西比河畔,与圣路易斯隔河相望,面积37.3平方公里。根据美国2000年人口普查,共有31,542人,其中非裔美国人占97.74%、白人占1.23%。是美国治安最差的地区之一。晚上人们都不敢在街上行走,怕被偷盗,抢劫。在美国别的地区很少装铁门,铁窗,在东圣路易斯可以看见大量的铁门、铁窗。房屋以白色基调为主。荒凉、破旧,零零散散。
Aurora(奥罗拉)
Aurora (Colorado) is the third largest city in Colorado (population 297235 in 2005) and the largest city in Arapaho county. Some are located in Adams County and Douglas County. It opened in 1891, formerly known as Fletcher. It was renamed in 1907. The city is the 56th largest city in the United States, with rapid development. It has great potential in both economic development and tourism.
奥罗拉(Aurora, Colorado)是美国科罗拉多州第三大城市(2005年人口297,235人)、阿拉帕霍县最大的城市。一部分分别位于亚当斯县和道格拉斯县。1891年开埠,原名费莱彻。1907年改名。该城市为美国第56大城市,发展迅速,无论是经济发展,还是旅游业都比较具有潜力。
Joliet(乔利埃特)
Joliet is a city in northeastern Illinois, 56 kilometers southwest of Chicago. Heavy machinery dominated by railway industry is very popular, as well as chemical, paper and other industries. The population is 78000 (1980). The town was built around 1830 and became a city in 1852. Railway and expressway transportation hubs; A river port near the Illinois Michigan canal (the canal connecting Lake Michigan and the Mississippi River). There are coal mines and limestone mines nearby.
乔利埃特是美国伊利诺伊州东北部城市,在芝加哥西南56公里处。以铁路工业为主的重型机械很盛,还有化学、造纸等工业。人口7.8万(1980)。1830年前后建成镇,1852年成为市。铁路、高速公路交通枢纽;临伊利诺伊-密歇根运河(连接密歇根湖与密西西比河的运河)的河港。附近有煤矿和石灰石矿。
LaSalle(拉萨尔)
LaSalle county (Illinois) is a county in North Central Illinois. It covers an area of 2973 square kilometers. According to the 2000 census of the United States, there are 111509 people. Ottawa county (Ottawa). Founded on January 15, 1831. The county name commemorates the French explorer Ren é - Robert cavelier, Sieur De La Salle.
拉萨尔县(LaSalle County, Illinois)是美国伊利诺伊州中北部的一个县。面积2,973平方公里。根据美国2000年人口普查,共有人口111,509人。县治渥太华 (Ottawa)。成立于1831年1月15日。县名纪念法国探险家拉萨尔爵士(René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle)。
Chicago(芝加哥)
Chicago, located in the south of Lake Michigan, is the third largest city in the United States and one of the international financial centers in the world. Chicago is located in the center of the North American continent. The coordinates of the city center are 41 ° 39 'north latitude and 87 ° 34' west longitude. It is the largest business center and one of the largest futures markets in the United States. The number of new enterprises in its metropolitan area has always ranked first in the United States and has been rated as the most balanced economy in the United States. In addition, Chicago also has many tall buildings, known as "the hometown of skyscrapers". As of July 2018, the population of Chicago was about 2706000. Chicago is one of the most important cultural, scientific and educational centers in the United States. It has the world's top universities, the University of Chicago, Northwest University and the world-famous Chicago school. As of October 2019, more than 100 Nobel laureates have worked and studied in Chicago (100 at the University of Chicago and 19 at Northwestern University). Chicago is a tourist destination. In 2016, it received more than 50 million tourists from all over the world. The time zone of Central American time represented by Chicago is UTC / gmt-6 (West Zone 6), which is 14 hours different from Beijing time at UTC / GMT + 8 (East Zone 8) (13 hours different from Chicago daylight saving time). In 2016, Chicago's GDP reached US $537.3 billion.
芝加哥(Chicago),位于美国密歇根湖的南部,是美国第三大城市,也是世界的国际金融中心之一。芝加哥地处北美大陆的中心地带,城市中心坐标为北纬41°39′、西经87°34′,是美国最大的商业中心区和最大的期货市场之一,其都市区新增的企业数一直位居美国第一位,被评为美国发展最均衡的经济体。此外,芝加哥还拥有很多的高楼大厦,被誉为“摩天大楼的故乡”。截止至2018年7月,芝加哥人口约为270.6万。芝加哥是美国最重要的文化科教中心之一,拥有世界顶级学府芝加哥大学(The University of Chicago)、西北大学(Northwestern University)和享誉世界的芝加哥学派。 截止至2019年10月,逾百位诺贝尔奖得主曾在芝加哥工作、求学过(芝加哥大学100位、西北大学19位)。芝加哥是旅游圣地,2016年共接待全世界超过5000万名游客。芝加哥代表的美国中部时间所在的时区是UTC/GMT-6(西六区),与处在UTC/GMT+8(东八区)北京时间相差14小时(芝加哥夏令时期间相差13小时)。2016年,芝加哥地区生产总值达到了5373亿美元。
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